Overview of Esperanto

This page and the following pages give a fairly concise overview of the grammar of Esperanto. They are not intended as a course for beginners or learners. You will find excellent online Esperanto courses at Duolingo and also at Lernu.net.


The verb in Esperanto is always in the active form and has only six possible endings. These are:

Part of verb                        
Infinitive: -i
Vivi kaj ami  To live and to love
Imperative: -u Prenu mian manon Take my hand
Conditional: -us Se vi vidus ŝin vi amus ŝin If you saw her you would love her
Present: -as Mi loĝas en Skotlando I live in Scotland
Future: -os Li venos al mia domo He will come to my house

Past: -is

Ni estis feliĉaj tiam
We were happy then

In Esperanto the accent is always on the second last vowel. So using the last example above, the accented vowels are in red:- Ni estis feliĉaj tiam.